Metal-AM Systems

Aconity One (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

Technical data:

  • Laser power 400 W
  • Scanner speed: up to 4 m/s
  • focus diameter: 80 -500 µm
  • installation space size: Ø 400 mm x H 400 mm
  • Processable materials: tungsten, steels, hard metals, copper, aluminum, titanium, multi-material combinations
  • Building platform heating: up to 800 °C
  • Layer thicknesses from 10 µm

Manufacturer: Aconity GmbH

AMLab location: Augsburg

The AconityONE research system from Aconity GmbH can process non-reactive and reactive materials, such as titanium alloys. Due to its build platform heating up to 800 °C, materials that are otherwise difficult to process, such as tungsten or hard metals, can be built up more easily and without cracks. Thanks to a free programming interface, new technical developments can be easily tested on the system and integrated into the standard process flow. This can include automated sensor integration in the manufactured metal components, for example, or a new multi-material coating concept.

EOS M290 (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

© Image courtesy of EOS

Technical data:

  • Laser power 400 W
  • Focus diameter 100 µm
  • Installation space Ø 250 x 250 x 325 mm3
  • Layer thicknesses from 20 µm
  • Mainly processed materials: 1.2709, 1.4404, 1.7131

Manufacturer: EOS Electro Optical Systems GmbH

AMLab location: Augsburg

The EOS M 290 is currently used primarily for processing various steels, e.g., case-hardened steels, tool steels, and stainless steels. Here, the performance of the 400-watt fiber laser comes into play, which in the construction volume of Ø 250 x 250 x 325 mm3 enables economical production of a wide variety of components.

EOS M400 (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

© Image courtesy of EOS

Technical data:

  • Laser power: 1 kW
  • Laser type: Yb fiber laser
  • Focus diameter approx. 90 µm
  • Usable build volume: Ø 400 x 400 x 400 mm3 (incl. build platform)
  • Main materials processed: Inconel 718, titanium

Manufacturer: EOS Electro Optical Systems GmbH

AMLab location: Ottobrunn

The EOS M 400-1 is used for industrial-scale production of large metal parts directly from CAD data and without tooling. The 1 kW laser increases productivity through higher build rates and greater coating thicknesses. Coating with powder material from both sides reduces non-productive times.

Concept Laser M1 Cusing (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

Technical data:

  • Installation space size Ø 150 x 150 x 250 mm3

Manufacturer: Concept Laser

AMLab location: Garching

Concept Laser's M1 Cusing is a robust industrial system that is particularly suitable for producing small to medium-sized components. The unit offers an easy access area that is physically separated from the process chamber for a convenient setup. Also, when using the hybrid design, the hybrid bottom part can be easily fixed on a zero-point clamping system with a crane. In addition, the spatial separation of the process chamber and handling area leads to the safe handling of the system.

SLM Solutions 125 HL (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

© Image courtesy of SLM

Technical data:

  • Laser power 400 W
  • focus diameter 70-100 µm
  • package size Ø 125 x 125 x 125 mm3
  • Layer thickness 20-75 µm
  • Production speed up to 25 cm³/h

Manufacturer: SLM Solutions GmbH

AMLab location: Augsburg

The SLM 125 laser beam melting system is currently used primarily for processing aluminum alloys, such as AlSi10Mg. The available installation space reduction (50 x 50 x 50 mm3) enables an efficient investigation of customer-specific materials. At the same time, a high build-up rate is achievable due to the coating in two directions.

SLM Solutions 250 HL (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

Technical data:

  • Power 400W
  • Laser focus 150 µm
  • Installation space Ø 250 x 250 x 350 mm3
  • Materials: Ti6Al4V, AlSi12
  • Layer thickness 20 - 80 µm
  • build-up rate 2 - 10 cm³/h

Manufacturer: SLM Solutions GmbH

AMLab location: Augsburg

The SLM 250 HL from the manufacturer SLM Solutions GmbH is a system modified by Fraunhofer IGCV for multi-material processing. Due to the software and hardware adaptations made, metallic multi-material components can be generated with a high degree of automation. The reduction in installation space enables the economic construction of test specimens in small quantities. For improved powder handling, the plant is equipped with a suction and vibrating sieve station.

SLM Solutions 280 Multimaterial (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

Technical data:

  • Laser power 700 W
  • Focus diameter 72 µm
  • package size Ø 280 x 280 x 365 mm3
  • Layer thicknesses from 20-75 µm
  • Main materials processed: 1.2709, 1.4404, 2.1293 (or CW106C)

Manufacturer: SLM Solutions GmbH

AMLab location: Augsburg

The SLM 280 is a pre-series machine. The screening station of the machine (PSM) was converted into a multi-material extraction station. An optional installation space reduction of 100 by 100 mm allows test specimens to be built economically in small quantities. The conversion enables three-dimensional multi-material components to be produced.

Trumpf TruPrint 1000 GREEN (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

Technical data:

  • Power 500W
  • Beam diameter 200 µm
  • Installation space Ø 100 x 100 mm3
  • Materials: Weldable metals in powder form, such as copper, copper alloys, or precious metals
  • Build-up rate up to 25 cm³/h

Manufacturer: Trumpf

AMLab location: Augsburg

The TruPrint 1000 features a so-called "green laser". Typically, fiber lasers in the infrared (IR), non-visible wavelength range are used in additive manufacturing. These IR lasers have a wavelength around 1,000 nm and are well suited for processing the most technically relevant metals. In particular, however, IR lasers reach their limits when processing pure copper since pure copper does not absorb laser light with a wavelength of 1,000 nm (i.e., it converts it into heat). A "green laser" has a wavelength of 500 nm and is ideally suited for processing pure copper.

Trumpf TruPrint 2000 Dual (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Metals)

Technical data:

  • Power 300W
  • Beam diameter 55 µm
  • Installation space Ø 200 x 200 mm3
  • Materials: Weldable metals in powder form, such as stainless steels, tool steels, aluminum, nickel-based, cobalt-chromium, or titanium alloys.
  • Layer thickness 20 - 100 μm

Manufacturer: Trumpf

AMLab location: Garching

The TruPtint 2000 has two working lasers, which allows for a higher build rate and research work in the transition areas where two lasers are working.

14-Axes High-Pressure Cold Spray System (Directed Energy Deposition System)

Technical data:

  • Power up to 211 kW
  • materials: steels, copper (alloys) as well as high-performance steels
  • two 6-axis robots from ABB
  • rotary swivel table
  • Plasma Giken-Gun (up to 90 bar)

AMLab location: Augsburg

The AMLab has one of the most modern high-pressure cold gas spraying systems for additive manufacturing in Europe. The specially designed cold gas cell includes two 6-axis robots from ABB and a rotary swivel table. A plasma giken-gun is used on one of the robots, which can be supplied with up to 90 bar via a nitrogen line for working pressure. The second robot can insert components (sensors, actuators) during the process and perform machining finishing operations.

The total power input of the system is up to 211 kW. The current focus is on the processing of steels, copper (alloys), and high-performance steels.

Polymer-AM and Sand-AM Systems

Voxeljet VX1000 (Binder Jetting System)

Technical data:

  • Installation space size:
  • Installation space size: Ø 500 x 400 x 300 mm3

Manufacturer: voxeljet AG

AMLab location: Garching

The VX1000 from the manufacturer Voxeljet AG in Friedberg is an established system from the "Binder Jetting" process class. AMLab uses it primarily to process sand materials for the production of molds for foundries.

Voxeljet VXC800 (Binder Jetting System)

Technical data:

  • Installation space size: Ø 800 x 500 x continuous mm3

Manufacturer: voxeljet AG

AMLab location: Garching

The VXC800 from the manufacturer voxeljet AG is one of the few systems that can print endlessly in one axis direction. This is made possible by the inclined bed arrangement. At Fraunhofer IGCV, the VXC800 primarily produces modern sand materials to manufacture molds for foundries.

Voxeljet VX500 (Binder Jetting System)

Technical data:

  • Multijet printhead
  • Installation space size Ø 500 x 400 x 300 mm3
  • Layer thickness: 150 µm
  • build rate: 21 mm/h (= 4.24 l/h)

Manufacturer: voxeljet AG

AMLab location: Garching

The VX500 3D printing system from voxeljet produces individual molds and cores quickly and economically, enabling detailed plastic models with PMMA and high surface quality. Plastic or sand can be used as a particle material.

Voxeljet test axis / 3D printing demonstrator (Binder Jetting System)

Technical data:

  • Installation space size Ø 110 x 250 x 95 mm3
  • Possibility of dosing different fluids
  • Processing of different plastic powders
  • Layer thicknesses 50 - 300 µm

Manufacturer: voxeljet AG

AMLab location: Garching

The 3D printing demonstrator available at the AMLab manufactures in an installation space of Ø 110 x 250 x 95 mm3. The particular advantage of the demonstrator over conventional 3D printing systems from voxeljet is the economic conversion to a wide range of powder binder systems and the possibility of modular expansion. Thus, the material and process development can be actively advanced.

EOS FORMIGA P100 (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Polymers)

Technical data:

  • Laser power: 30 W
  • Processable materials: polyamide, polystyrene
  • Installation space size: Ø 200 x 250 x 330 mm3
  • Layer thickness used: 0.1 mm
  • Typical processing time: 24 hours

Manufacturer: EOS Electro Optical Systems GmbH

AMLab location: Garching

The compact FORMIGA P 100 laser-sintering system enables the production of plastic products made of polyamide and polystyrene. Small series and individualized products with complex geometries can be produced economically in an installation space of Ø 200 x 250 x 330 mm3.

Stratasys F270

Technical data:

  • Size of construction space: Ø 305 x 254 x 305 mm3
  • Layer thickness: 0.127 mm / 0.178 mm / 0.254 mm / 0.330 mm (depending on material)

Manufacturer: Stratasys Inc.

AMLab location: Garching

The Stratasys F270 is easy to operate and maintain and can produce either high quality or high speed prints, depending on requirements. Low-cost concept models and robust assemblies can be printed. Automatic material changeover is possible without manual and time-consuming effort.

Stratasys µPrint SE plus (Fused Deposition Modeling)

Technical data:

  • Component size: Ø 203 x 203 x 152 mm3
  • Processable material: ABSplus
  • Production of models in nine different colors
  • Layer thicknesses: 254 µm / 330 µm

Manufacturer: Stratasys Inc.

AMLab location: Garching

The Stratasys µPrint SE plus offers the possibility of producing functional and illustrative models. In combination with the WaveWash cleaning system, time-consuming finishing processes for removing support structures are eliminated.

3D Systems ProJet HD3000

Technical data:

  • Power supply: 100-127 VAC
  • Package size: Ø 298 x 185 x 203 mm3 (HD mode), Ø 127 x 178 x 152 mm3 (UHD mode)
  • Processable materials: photopolymers (VisiJet EX200 (solid material with high durability), VisiJet SR200 (low-cost multi-purpose material), VisiJet HR200 (for investment casting applications), support material made of wax (VisiJet S100)
  • Layer thicknesses: 32 µm (HD mode), 29 µm (UHD mode)

Manufacturer: 3D Systems

AMLab location: Garching

The ProJet HD3000 from the manufacturer 3D Systems offers a wide selection of photopolymer materials, various resolution modes, and easy handling.

Markforged Mark Two (Fused/Continuous Filament Fabrication)

Technical data:

  • Materials that can be processed: nylon/PA6 with short fibers or continuous fibers (glass fiber, carbon fiber, Kevlar, high-temp glass fiber).
  • Installation space: Ø 320 x 132 x 154 mm3
  • Layer height: 0.1-0.2 mm
  • Nozzle diameter: FFF nozzle 0.4 mm; CFF nozzle 0.9 mm

Manufacturer: Markforged

AMLab location: Augsburg

The Mark Two 3D printer from Markforged makes it possible to process fiber composites. This enables the production of functional parts and devices with improved mechanical properties and lower weight compared to plastic components. Users can decide whether a layer is reinforced and in which direction the fibers are oriented to achieve an optimal part design. There is also a choice of four different types of fibers (Carbon Fiber, High Strength High Temperature, Glass Fiber, and Kevlar).

RepRap X400 Pro V3

Technical data:

  • Dimensions: 70 x 70 x 70 cm
  • Weight: 55 kg
  • Building volume: Ø 390 x 400 x 320 mm3
  • Building platform: Heated
  • Dual extruder: No
  • Filaments: ABS, PLA, PS, PVA, TPU93, Carbon20, Laywood, Laybrick, PP, Bendlay, Soft-PLA, SmartABS
  • Type/Printing Technology: FFF
  • Market launch: 10/2016

Manufacturer: German RepRap

AMLab location: Garching

The RepRap x400 Pro V3 prints prototypes quickly and cost-effectively.

Sintratec Kit (Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion of Polymers)

Technical data:

  • Materials that can be processed: PA12 powder (nylon), TPE powder (elastomer).
  • Installation space size: Ø 200 x 250 x 330 mm3
  • Print volume: max. 110 mm x 110 mm x 110 mm
  • Layer height: 0.1 mm

Manufacturer: Sintratec

AMLab location: Augsburg

The Sintratec kit enables laser sintering of prototypes and high-quality end products in compact dimensions. The kit was assembled within AMLab to expand the portfolio in the field of laser sintering.

Zortrax M300

Technical data:

  • Nozzle temperature: 290°C
  • Print bed temperature: 105°C
  • Nozzle diameter: 0.4 mm
  • Installation space size: Ø 300 x 300 x 300 mm3
  • Filament diameter: 1.75 mm

Manufacturer: Zortrax

AMLab location: Augsburg

Due to the enclosure on the Zortrax M300, only very slight distortions occur. The installation space is relatively large and the system runs very reliably.

Ultimaker 3 (Fused Deposition Modeling) and comparable models (quantity 3)

Technical data:

  • Build volume: Ø 215 x 215 x 200 mm3
  • Processable material: Nylon, PLA, ABS, CPE, CPE+, PC, TPU 95A, PP, PVA, Breakaway
  • Print head speed: 30-300 mm/s
  • Nozzle temperature: 180-280 °C
  • Nozzle diameter: 0.25 mm; 0.40 mm; 0.80 mm

Manufacturer: Ultimaker

AMLab location: Augsburg

The Ultimaker 3 also enables prototyping. It works with a selection of plastics and can be used with two different materials through dual extrusion.

In particular, washable support structures enable workpieces that would not be possible without such supports.

Ultimaker Original Plus Kit (Quantity: 2)

Technical data:

  • Kit
  • Construction space: Ø 210 x 210 x 205 mm3
  • Filament: Diameter: 1.75 mm
  • Nozzle diameter: 0,4 mm
  • Number of nozzles: 1
  • Materials processed: PLA
  • build platform: not heated
  • Software: Cura, Simplify3D

Manufacturer: Ultimaker

AMLab location: Garching and Augsburg

The Ultimaker makes it easy to implement the first steps into additive manufacturing.